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Immigration Law Firm for Canada Visa & Migration

April 29, 2013




It is important before you move to Canada to research the most suitable place for you and your family to live and the best ways to find support as you build your new lives.Immigration Overseas Consultants are constantly updating their programs to ensure that Canadian immigration is successful, both for newcomers and for Canada. With many options to choose from, we can help you determine what your best options are for Canada immigration.

There are many different categories for professionals and workers under which you may qualify for your Canada Immigration (Permanent Resident) Visa: Federal and Quebec Skilled Worker, Provincial Nominee, Federal Self-Employed, and Canadian and Quebec Experience Class. We can help you with the process of immigration to Canada.

Submit your FREE Assessment Questionnaire to find out what your options may be for Canada Immigration. Your assessment results will be e-mailed to you in less than 24 hours.


Covering most of the northern part of the North American continent and with an area larger than that of the United States, Canada has an extremely varied topography. In the east, the mountainous maritime provinces have an irregular coastline on the Gulf of St. Lawrence and the Atlantic. The St. Lawrence plain, covering most of southern Quebec and Ontario, and the interior continental plain, covering southern Manitoba and Saskatchewan and most of Alberta, are the principal cultivable areas. They are separated by a forested plateau rising from Lakes Superior and Huron.

Canada is often characterized as being “very progressive, diverse, and multicultural”. Canadian Government policies such as; publicly funded health care, higher and more progressive taxation, outlawing capital punishment, strong efforts to eliminate poverty, an emphasis on cultural diversity, and most recently legalizing same-sex marriage – are social indicators of Canada’s political and cultural values.


Canada is often associated with cold weather and snow, but in reality, its climate is as diverse as its landscape. Generally, Canadians enjoy four very distinct seasons, particularly in the more populated regions along the US border. Daytime summer temperatures can rise to 35°C and higher, while lows of -25°C are not uncommon in winter. More moderate temperatures are the norm in spring and fall.

Summers can be hot and dry on the prairies, humid in central Canada, and milder on the coasts. Spring is generally pleasant across the country. Autumns are often crisp and cool, but brightened by rich orange and red leaves on trees.

Winters are generally cold with periods of snow, although southern Alberta enjoys the occasional “Chinook”, a warm dry wind from the Rocky Mountains that gusts through and melts the snow. Winters are mild and wet on the west coast, in cities such as Vancouver and Victoria.

When the temperature does drop, Canadians stay warm thanks to an infrastructure of heated houses, cars and public transportation systems. Some cities have also installed walkways to and from buildings in schools.

Climate sculpts the landscape through heat, cold, humidity, light and wind. In Canada, the variety of landscapes shows the diversity of our climate. In the north, low precipitation and cold temperatures favour permafrost and suppress vegetation growth, resulting in treeless tundra. South of the tundra, on the Canadian Shield, summers are short and warm, and winters are long and cold. Annual precipitation is abundant, allowing coniferous forests to establish and grow. On the Pacific coast, the combination of heavy rainfall and mild temperatures year round supports temperate rain forests. On the Prairies, the large number of days of sunshine affects the development of the agricultural landscape. In the Maritimes, the Atlantic Ocean moderates the climate such that winters are generally long and mild, and summers are short and cool. These conditions help in the development of forests. Finally, around the Great Lakes and alongside the St. Lawrence River as far downstream as the city of Québec, the climate is characterized by relatively warm summers and cool winters, moderated by surrounding water bodies. These conditions are suitable to the development of mixed wood and broadleaf forests.


Canadian courts are considered independent of the government. Elected politicians and bureaucrats cannot influence or dictate how the courts administer and enforce the law. In theory, federal and provincial governments make the laws, and courts interpret and enforce them. Increasingly, however, the line between who makes laws is blurring. In some cases, Canada’s courts end up making new laws by virtue of the way legislation is interpreted.

A significant driving force for legislative and judicial change in recent years has been Canada’s Charter of Rights and Freedoms, which imposes limits on government activity relating to Canadians’ fundamental rights and liberties. These include the right to liberty, equality, freedom of religion, freedom of expression, freedom to associate with a group, and to be presumed innocent until proven guilty by an independent and impartial tribunal. The Charter, however, does not generally govern interactions between private citizens or businesses.

Canada’s legal system is unique from many others in that the Quebec Act of 1774 created two systems of law — the “civil law” governing those in Quebec and a common law system in all other provinces. The common law system of justice, similar to that in the U.S., relies on the historical record of court interpretations of laws over the years. The civil law system in Quebec uses court decisions to interpret the intentions and allowable authority of law-makers, but also relies on a written Civil Code that sets out standards of acceptable behaviour or conduct in private legal relationships.

Canada’s court system itself is shaped like a pyramid. At the top, the Supreme Court of Canada is the ultimate court of appeal and has the final word on the interpretation of the law of the country. The Supreme Court of Canada can declare all or part of a law invalid. All lower courts in the land are required to follow its interpretations when dealing with similar matters. Only an Act of Parliament or a legislature, acting within their respective areas of authority, can change the effect of the top court’s interpretation.

Next, are the Courts of Appeal of each province. Decisions of a province’s appellate court are binding on the lower courts in that province. In other provinces, some courts will seriously consider decisions of another province’s appeal decisions, but there is no requirement to follow them until their own provincial appeal court agrees.

Below each province’s appeal courts are trial and specialty courts, where most civil and criminal matters are decided.


Most international students will need to obtain a Canada Study Permit (Student Visa) in order to attend school in Canada. If you apply to attend a school in Canada and receive a letter of acceptance, you are ready to apply for a Study Permit. Studying in Canada will prepare you for work in Canada, and it can also help you fast-track your Canadian immigration application if you wish to stay in Canada after you graduate. Each year, close to 130,000 students come from abroad to study in Canada.

A Study Permit is a document issued by Citizenship and Immigration Canada that allows a foreign individual to study in Canada for a limited time, generally at a specific Canadian educational institution and in a specific program.

Most international students will require a Study Permit to study in Canada, however, there are some exceptions.

A Study Permit is not required in the following circumstances:

  • For a course or program with a duration of six months or less;
  • For a minor child already in Canada, whose parents have legal status in Canada, other than Visitor Status;
  • For the family or staff of a foreign representative to Canada.

Citizenship and Immigration Canada will normally issue a Study Permit if an applicant has received an acceptance letter from a qualified Canadian educational institution, and possesses sufficient funds to pay for tuition and living costs. In some cases, Citizenship and Immigration Canada may require applicants to undergo medical examinations and provide Police Clearance Certificates.

A Temporary Resident Visa (TRV) may also be required if the student is a citizen of a country from which Citizenship and Immigration Canada requires Temporary Resident Visas for entry into Canada. A Temporary Resident Visa is not required for citizens of visa exempt countries.

Applicants who wish to study in Montreal or another city in the Province of Quebec will also require approval from immigration authorities of the Government of Quebec.

Citizenship and Immigration Canada generally issues Study Permits that are valid for the duration of the intended course of studies. However, international students studying in Montreal or another city in the Province of Quebec must renew their status each year.

International Students are considered Visitors in Canada. They must satisfy a Citizenship and Immigration Canada Officer at the Port of Entry that the purpose of their entry into Canada is of a temporary nature.


Citizenship and Immigration Canada allows International Students to work in Canada in limited situations. Students are required to arrive in Canada with sufficient money to live and pay their bills while studying. However, in some cases, a student may be able to work in Canada during the course of study:

  • On campus without a Work Permit;
  • Off campus with a Work Permit;
  • In Co-op and Internship Programs, where work experience is part of the curriculum, with a Work Permit.

In addition, spouses/common-law partners of international students are eligible to work in Canada while their partners study.

Upon graduation, international students are encouraged to obtain Canadian work experience. The Post-Graduation Work Permit Program allows international graduates to obtain a three-year open work permit so that they can stay and contribute to the Canadian work force.


Cultural Diversity

Canada is culturally diverse. This goes back to the 1890s when it began inviting people from all over the world to settle in the country to help it develop and grow. Canadian immigration policy was historically open, welcoming and egalitarian in its philosophy. This has also manifest into the psyche of the nation where people are encouraged and to retain their cultural identities, traditions, languages and customs.

Individuals concerned with the group

Canadians are generally a tolerant, polite and extremely community-oriented people. Although they are individualistic in terms of their basic cultural traits, they nevertheless place a great deal of emphasis on the individual’s responsibility to the community. This is seen as giving balance and a good quality of life.


Most Canadians have a strong allegiance to their province or region, sometimes more so than to the country. There are some broad differences between regions, which can generally be summed up as follows:

  • Atlantic Provinces (Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island and Newfoundland): The people are somewhat reserved and provincial, to the point that they are seen as old-fashioned.
  • Ontario: This is the business hub and the people tend to be business-like and conservative.
  • Western Canada (Alberta, Manitoba and Saskatchewan): The people are open, friendly and relaxed.
  • British Colombia: The people are less conventional. This province is often viewed as the Canada of the future.
  • Quebec: The French region has a distinct cultural identity. The people are extremely regionalist//independent.
  • North: The people have a strong pioneer spirit


A multitude of languages are spoken in Canada. According to the 2006 census, English and French are the preferred language (“home language”, or language spoken most often in the home) of 67.1% and 21.5% of the population, respectively. English and French are recognized by the Constitution of Canada as “official languages,” which means that all laws of the federal government are enacted in both English and French and that federal government services are required to be available in both languages.

The five most widely-spoken non-official languages are Chinese (the home language of 2.6% of Canadians), Punjabi (0.8%), Spanish (0.7%), Italian (0.6%), and Arabic (0.5%).


Quality health care is about delivering the best possible care and achieving the best possible outcomes for people every time they deal with the health care system or use its services. Essentially, it means doing the best possible job with the resources available.

Canada’s health care system offers a high standard of care, with quality and patient safety as a top priority. Health Canada works with the provinces and territories, health professionals and providers, researchers, agencies, policy makers and the public to achieve excellence in health care delivery to all Canadians, and to continuously improve the quality and safety of that care.

Canadian provinces and territories are responsible for administering their own healthcare plans. Each must provide their residents with prepaid cover for all necessary medical services. These include financing, planning, providing medical care, hospital care, public healthcare, and dispensing prescriptions. Cover for dental treatment, optometric services, prescription drugs, hearing aids, and home care vary per province and territory.
Health policies, under the Canadian Health Act, are portable primarily within Canada, while a partial reimbursement is available for treatment outside the country. This system is made possible by funds from the federal government as well as the provincial and territorial governments. Personal and corporate income taxes are the main source of revenue, while some provinces charge residents an annual healthcare premium based on their yearly income.

Access to the healthcare system

Canada, as a whole, provides a free, basic, healthcare system for its citizens and all legal residents. This usually includes access to a family doctor and emergency care or basic hospital treatment. Some provinces like Alberta, British Columbia and Ontario charge their residents healthcare tax for this very purpose. The Canadian Health Act of 1984 states that prescription drugs and supplies are provided free in hospitals, most of the time. This is dependant on you staying in the hospital as an in-patient. 
Costs begin to accumulate when you are no longer staying in the hospital and begin purchasing your own prescription drugs and medical supplies. Specialist drugs can be very expensive for one course of treatment, while other medical services such as physiotherapy, massage therapy, chiropractic treatments and dental treatment are not covered.

If you work in the country, your employer may offer you a package that includes cover for prescription drugs, up to 80% of the cost, and services like physiotherapy and chiropractic treatment. Again, qualifications for free services vary in each province. If you are not satisfied with your benefits package, or would like to improve it, you can purchase your own insurance policy.

Challenges with Canadian healthcare

The quality of healthcare varies from province to province. In the rural communities and those further up north, healthcare is a step behind its southern counterparts. As such, there are concerns about discrepancies in the level of government funding and the overall quality of the healthcare being offered.

The Canadian Healthcare Association has pointed out several areas in the healthcare system that need to be improved. These include overall healthcare funding, patient waiting times, the improvement of medical technology, shortages in personnel, home and long-term care. The major issue in all of these is the level of waiting times among patients to see specialists, undergo elective surgery, or get diagnostic tests. According to the Fraser Institute, waiting times have increased from 13.1 weeks in 1999 to 17.9 weeks in 2004. Crowded emergency rooms are an indication of the severity of this problem.

There has also been the occurrence of a “brain drain” in the healthcare profession. This is where nurses leave the country to seek greener pastures in the United States, which can result in a shortage of personnel. Incidents of negligence, or errors in treatment, have also raised concerns about Canada’s healthcare system.

The brighter side of Canadian healthcare

In 2004, the federal government and the provinces came up with a C$41-billion (US$34.2-billion), 10-year agreement aimed at improving Canada’s healthcare system. A major part of this agreement is an attempt to reduce waiting times; a “Wait Times Reduction Fund” has been drafted in order to allow provinces to hire more healthcare professionals, increase their capacity, clear backlogs, and increase ambulatory and community care programs. The provinces are ready to set targets for acceptable wait times and will establish a common set of criteria to gauge wait times across Canada.

The bottom line with Canadian healthcare

Overall, Canadians are generally satisfied with the standards of living in the country; this includes the state of their healthcare. A Joint Canada/United States Survey of Health, carried out in 2002-2003 by Statistics Canada and the US Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, stated that 87% of Canadians are “somewhat” to “very satisfied” with their healthcare services. The evaluation criterion on health was based on personal safety, quality and availability of hospitals, medical care and medical supplies. Despite the difficulties, the healthcare system bodes well for Canadian residents and expatriates.


Education in Canada is for the most part provided publicly, funded and overseen by federal, provincial, and local governments. Education is within provincial jurisdiction and the curriculum is overseen by the province. Education in Canada is generally divided into primary education, followed by secondary education and post-secondary. Within the provinces under the ministry of education, there are district school boards administering the educational programs. Education is compulsory up to the age of 16 in every province in Canada, except for Manitoba, Ontario and New Brunswick, where the compulsory age is 18, or as soon as a high school diploma has been achieved. In some provinces early leaving exemptions can be granted under certain circumstances at 14.

The education system in Canada encompasses both publicly-funded and private schools, including: community colleges/ technical institute, career colleges, language schools, secondary schools, summer camps, universities and university colleges.

Education is a provincial responsibility under the Canadian constitution, which means there are significant differences between the education systems of the different provinces. However, education is important to Canadians, and standards across the country are uniformly high.

In general, Canadian children attend kindergarten for one or two years at the age of four or five on a voluntary basis. All children begin Grade One at about six years of age. The school year normally runs from September through the following June but in some instances, January intake dates are possible. Secondary schools go up to Grades 11 or 12, depending on the province. From there, students may attend university, college or Cégep studies. Cégep is a French acronym for College of General and Vocational Education, and is two years of general or three years of technical education between high school and university. The province of Québec has the Cégep system.

High Quality Education

Education institutions are not officially ranked in Canada, but you will find quality institutions across the country. When choosing your school in Canada, consider the type, size and location of the institution. If you are interested in a particular area of study, investigate which schools have more to offer in that discipline.


While Canada ranks among the top ten manufacturing nations, it is also experiencing tremendous growth in the high technology and services industries. Its economy is increasingly diversified and knowledge-based. No longer relying exclusively on natural resources, Canada’s economy is growing through innovation and technology.

Throughout 2002 and into 2003, Canada’s gross domestic product (GDP) grew faster than any other G8 country and employment was strong. Canada’s GDP grew 2.9% in 2005. Employment was also strong, interest rates reached record lows, and inflation remained low and stable.

Most of Canada’s manufacturing industry is in Ontario and Québec, where motor vehicle production comprises the largest sector within this industry. Other important manufacturing sectors include food and beverages, paper and allied products, primary metals, fabricated metals, petrochemicals and chemicals.

The Atlantic, Prairie and Pacific regions of Canada have more natural resource-based economies. The Atlantic provinces focus on fishing, forestry and mining, while Prairie provinces are dependent on agriculture and mineral fuels. British Columbia’s primary sectors are forestry and mining, as well as tourism.

Major Exports: automobile vehicles and parts, machinery and equipment, high-technology products, oil, natural gas, metals, and forest and farm products.

Major Imports: machinery and industrial equipment including communications and electronic equipment, vehicles and automobile parts, industrial materials (metal ores, iron and steel, precious metals, chemicals, plastics, cotton, wool and other textiles), along with manufactured products and food.


The Canadian Dollar is the currency in Canada (CA, CAN). The symbol for CAD can be written Can$. The Canadian Dollar is divided into 100 cents. All of Canada uses the Canadian Dollar (C$ or CAD). The Canadian dollar’s value floats against that of all other major currencies.

Since about 2009, the U.S. and Canadian dollars have been approximately on par, with the CAD hovering either just below or just below the U.S. dollar. This equality is in contrast to the 1980’s and 90’s when the CAD was considerably lower than the U.S. dollar, something that made shopping in Canada a real bargain for those with American currency.

Canadian bills or bank notes are commonly available in $5, $10, $20, $50 and $100 dollar denominations. The $1 and $2 bills have been replaced with coins (the loonie and the toonie).

Canadian bills are brightly coloured – unlike the green and white of all U.S. bills – making them easy to distinguish from one another. In fact, in addition to better beer than our neighbours to the south, our colourful money is another point of cultural Canadian pride.

Canadian coins include the loonie, toonie, 25¢ quarter, 10¢ dime, 5¢ nickel and 1¢ penny, although production of the penny has been stopped, so hang on to one or two as a keepsake.

Beginning in 2011, the federal government of Canada began replacing paper bills with polymer bank notes to cut down on counterfeiting.

Best Way to Bring Money to Canada:

Credit cards and debit cards are widely accepted across Canada and ATMs are easy to find in urban areas so it’s not necessary to bring loads of cash. Having some cash on hand when you arrive is a good idea though for tipping or odd small purchases.




Immigration Overseas has helped thousands of people to happily settle in Canada of limitless opportunities. We would help you realize your aspirations through our extensive experience and professionally managed and integrated pre-flight to post-landing services, right from the start till the time you completely settle in the country of your choice.

Immigration is just 30% of the entire settlement Process. Moving to a new country involves a lot of preparations. We take care of the rest 70% through our comprehensive and customized pre and post landing services to help you settle in the country of your choice.

While still in the native country, our Settlement Division takes on the job to prepare our clients right from the stage they retain our services, guiding them to upgrade their educational qualifications and acquire additional professional skills required in the country they are immigrating to.

Further Employment Readiness Course (ERC) covers the job culture, preparation for the job market and work ethics in these countries. Information about licensing or professional registration requirements, list of potential employers, exams to be taken in order to obtain a license and registration in any of these countries and effective job search techniques, professional licensing and registrations, preparation of licensing exams are also provided by our experts. All this goes a long way in early settlement of our clients.

After landing in Canada, we take care of their airport pickup, subsidized rooms at Welcome Homes, help in opening a Bank Account, Credit Card, Driving License, Government Card, finding education institutes for children, getting insurance and many other services.

Advanced orientation sessions are organized by our counselors to guide you living in your destination country, its social life and culture, banking, health and life insurance, education, health services, traveling and much more. These sessions help our clients acclimatize to life abroad without wasting their valuable time.

Post Landing Services

We provides a complete range of post landing services to new immigrants, students, professionals and business people in successfully settling down in Canada from all over the world.

  • Pick up from the airport on landing and leaving at pre-arranged accommodation.
  • Assist in making an application for permanent resident card, social insurance number, health card and a driving license.
  • Assistance in opening a bank account and credit card and getting a locker/safe deposit vault from the bank.
  • Introducing with bank representative, franchise brokers and real estate brokers.
  • Crucial information on the living, traveling, banking, education, health, housing, shopping and taxation.
  • We also introduce our clients to Chartered Accountants, Bankers, Financial experts, Business Management Consultants and Real Estate Agents for their smooth settlement.
  • Locating School for Children.
  • Library membership
  • Neighborhood Registration.
  • Emergency Medical Care.

Some of the services provided are:

  • Airport Pickup: A warm welcome to Australia upon arrival. Escort the client from the Airport to their designated accommodation.
  • Accommodation: A temporary accommodation is provided for 10 days. During these 10 days, we also help the clients get a permanent accommodation, as per their budget.
  • Public transport: A public transport facility would be provided for one week.
  • Bank Account: We organize all the necessary documentation required for opening a bank account in Australia
  • Tax File Number (TFN): On arrival, we immediately apply for the client’s Tax File Number (TFN) with the Australian Taxation Office (ATO).
  • Mobile Phone Set: We set up Client’s mobile account (best value deals received). This service includes a SIM card + Credit
  • Ambulance Membership: We provide the client with an Ambulance Membership for their safety around Australia.(this is different from Medical insurance)
  • Medical Insurance: We organize client’s Health insurance requirements as per the Australian laws and regulations.
  • Job Search: Where to get Employment news, careers etc. Major English/language newspapers and how to order them
  • Child Education system: Various kinds of schools/Applying for your child’s admission.
  • Exclusive Orientation: Our Consultant presents all information – Transport System, Living in Australia and General Pitfalls, 24 hr assistance. Also includes services for providing exclusive handbook with discounts, second hand books, maps, free student memberships, cheap city eats, places of worship, Ethnic Shops and more…

These services are provided at an additional cost. To learn more about this package kindly contact us: +91 11 4344 5000

contact us: +91 11 4344 5000

Website: Immigration Overseas

                Immigration Law Firm for Canada Visa & Migration




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